The third Modzitzer Rebbe, Reb Samuel Eliahu Taub zt'l, was born on 4 B'Adar 5665 in Lublin Poland (Feb. 9, 1905). In the year 5695 (1935) the Rebbe arrived in Eretz Yisrael together with his father Reb Shaul who came on his third trip to Eretz Yisrael from Poland. It was erev Lag B'Omer and the next day they went up to Miron to the festivities around the grave of the Holy Rashb"y Reb Shimeon Bar Yechoi zt'l. This Lag B'Omer left a tremendous impression with him that lasted all his life. For there they also met many Gaonim, Admorim, and Tzadikim.
On Tisha B'Av they went to the Kotel. This too, as many visits from the Gdolei Hador in Eretz Yisrael, left its impression. This whole visit so impressed him that finally when his father Reb Shaul zt'l said "Now we have to start packing our things, it's time to go home" (to Poland). Reb Shmuel Eliahu zt'l said "I like Eretz Yisrael, this is where I would like to remain". His Father Reb Shaul zt'l who was an ardent lover of Eretz Yisrael immediately agreed. And so he remained in Eretz Yisrael. Within a year he brought over his wife the Rebitzin and his son, Reb Yisrael Dan Shlita, the Present Rebbe.
The Imre Aish as Reb Shmuel Eliahu zt'l is called continued the tradition of Modzitz both as a composer and Torah scholar. In 1947 when Reb Shaul zt'l passed away, He was immediately crowned to succeed him as the Modzitzer Rebbe.
He composed more than 400 nigunnim. He was also the author of a collection of Torah essays found in the Journal, "Kuntres Tiferes Yisrael, Tel Aviv, Israel". And was the spiritual head of several Modzitzer synagogues in Israel and in Brooklyn. His nigunnim are sung throughout the U.S and Israel and many of them have appeared on phonograph records.
On 4 B'Iyar 5744 (May 6,1984) He gave up his soul to Hashem. He was buried on the Har Hazeysim right next to his father Reb Shaul Yedidya Elazer zt'l.